Dear MendMeShop,

This (Back/Hip Inferno) wrap is amazing! I am already feeling the difference of pain level in my hip thank you.

Rating: Five Star Rating

J Huling


All about the Knee & Meniscus

Menisucs and the knee structure

The knee is the largest joint in your body and one of the most easily injured. It is a hinge joint in the leg that connects your femur (thigh bone) with your tibia (larger shinbone) and fibula (smaller shinbone that joins in the top of the tibia). The patella (knee cap) is a sesamoid bone (a bone embedded within a tendon) that rests over a groove at the bottom of the rounded femur and the top of the flat tibia. It protects the bones and soft tissue in your knee joint and slides when your knee moves, giving leverage to your leg muscles. Tendons are tough cords of tissue that connect muscle to bone and help control movement of your joint. The upper leg muscles provide your knees with mobility (extension, flexion and rotation) and strength. The quadriceps muscles straighten your legs (located on the front of your thigh rectus femoris, vastus lateralis, vastus medialis, vastus intermedius), and the hamstring muscles bend your knees (located on the back of your thigh semitendinosus, semimembranosus, biceps femoris).

Leg Movement

Ligaments are strong, elastic-like tissues that connect bone to bone and provide stability and protection to your knee joint by limiting the forward and backward movement of the shin bone. There are four main ligaments in the knee joint that connect your femur and tibia:

  • Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) is in the center of the knee, it limits rotation and forward leg movements.
  • Posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) is in the center of the knee, it limits backward leg movements.
  • Lateral collateral ligament (LCL) runs along the outside of the knee joint, it provides stability to the lateral (outer) part of the knee.
  • Medial collateral ligament (MCL) runs along the inside of the knee joint, it provides stability to the medial (inner) part of the knee.

Articular cartilage (a type of slick, hard, bone-like, flexible connective tissue also called hyaline cartilage) covers the surface ends of the femur and tibia at the knee joint, reducing friction and allowing them to move easily against one another. Synovial fluid (thick, stringy, egg-like fluid) found inside the knee capsule, lubricates the knee joint and reduces friction.

In Greek, the word meniscus means "little moon". The menisci are crescent shaped wedges (similar to shock absorbers) located in your knee joint under the medial and lateral condyles of the femur (bumpy knobs at the bottom of your thigh bone) and on top of the tibia plateau (flat upper surface of your shin bone). These cover approximately 2/3 of the tibia surface and are thicker on the outside and thinner on the inside. They fill the space between these bones and cushion your femur so it doesn't slide off or rub against your tibia. They are made up of dense fibro-cartilage (a tougher, more fibrous, collagen connective tissue than articular cartilage). When you walk, your weight shifts from one meniscus to the other, and forces on your knee can increase by up to 2 - 4 times your body weight; when you run these increase up to 6 - 8 times your body weight, and are even higher when landing from a jump. The menisci help distribute the weight of your body across your knee joint, lubricate and protect the articular cartilage from damages of wear and tear, stabilize your knee when you slide and turn, and limit extreme knee flexion and extension.

Menisus joint close-up

There are 2 menisci - the medial meniscus (located on the inside of your knee) and the lateral meniscus (located on the outside of your knee).

The medial meniscus is about 3.5cm in length and more of a c-shape, resembling a wedge of an orange. It is tightly attached to the tibia and joint capsule on the back and inside of your knee. It has no direct muscular connection; rather it helps the ACL and MCL stabilize your knee, absorbing up to 50% of the load applied to the inside of the knee. The medial meniscus is quite inflexible and does not move freely in the joint; therefore it is torn more frequently than the lateral meniscus.

The lateral meniscus is more of an o-shape, and although it is slightly shorter in length, it covers a larger portion of the tibia surface. It is very mobile and is only attached to the tibia on the outside and back of your joint. It does have a muscular connection, where the popliteus tendon goes along the edge and breaks attachment to your joint capsule. It slides forwards and backwards, moving freely in the joint, absorbing up to 80% of the load applied to the outside of your knee. The lateral meniscus is less likely to be injured or torn by force, because it can move and change shape.

Inside the Menisus joint

What is the relevance of a meniscus injury?

A meniscus injury is one of the most common knee injuries. Menisci tend to get injured during movements that forcefully twist your knee while bearing weight (this is very prevalent in younger populations) or they tend to grow weaker with age, and tear as a result of minor injuries or movements. When your meniscus is damaged and/or torn, it starts to move abnormally inside the joint, which can cause it to become caught between the bones of the joint (femur and tibia). Your knee then becomes swollen, painful and difficult to move. These injuries can be difficult to heal because blood supply (which helps your body heal itself) is often limited to the outside edge of the menisci.

Once you have a meniscus tear, you have an increased risk of developing knee arthritis, because these shock absorbers are weakened. They slowly wear away with knee movements and are not able to protect your articular cartilage on the surface of the knee joint as much as before.

In the USA, 61 of 100,000 people experience an acute tear of the meniscus at some point in their life (850,000 meniscus surgeries are performed in the USA each year, estimates indicate that at least twice this number of meniscus procedures are performed internationally). Health professionals used to believe the meniscus had no function and removed it if injured, however we now know it plays an integral role in knee joint mechanics and function.

Alternate names and/or related conditions:

Cartilage Tear, medial meniscus tear, lateral meniscus tear, acute meniscal tears, meniscus tear, meniscal injury, knee injury, discoid meniscus, torn knee cartilage, cruciate ligament tears, collateral ligament tears, knee dislocations, meniscal cysts, osteochondritis dissecans.

MendMeShop Live Chat Live Help

Dear MendMeShop,

I'm writing you because I have had an EXCELLENT experience with your company--not only with the products, but with the CUSTOMER SERVICE. Your representatives are amazing. I feel like they really care and I don't feel like I'm being rushed when speaking to them. They listen. They are respectful and kind. When you are in so much pain it is so comforting to get answers and have support, and that's what your company does. Every phone call I have made to you I have hung up feeling happy and with my questions answered. I refer my friends and family to your company all the time. I wish more CEOs would run business like you. It is clear that you really care about the PEOPLE you serve. I am taking the time to write you to tell you that your customers notice. Kind regards, Jessica

Rating: Five Star Rating

Jessica Baris


pain relief and injury treatment with ultrasound therapy

Inferno Wrap Knee for meniscus injury acl injury mcl injury or hyperextended knee

Cold Compression Knee Freezie Wrap for meniscus injury mcl injury and acl injury

An effective treatment

Relieve the pain of plantar fasciitis with a cold compress

This universal leg wrap can increase healing rate of a shin, calf, groin, thigh, or hamstring

Freezie Leg wrap for cold compression of the shin, calf, groin, thigh, or hamstring

Advanced Therapy for torn achilles, ruptured achilles, sprained ankle or other ankle injury

Ankle sprain treatment and pulled achilles treatment without surgery

Contact one of our Mendmeshop Customer Service Advisors for any questions help with ordering and recommended treatment directions